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Czech Alphabet

Czech Alphabet

Notes on the image
dlouhé á is also know as á s čárkou. The same is the case for the other long vowels: é, í, ó, ú and ý.
ě = [je] after p, b and v, [e] after d, t and n (which become palatalized: ď, ť, ň). After m, ě = [mɲe], but it is pronounced [mje] in some regions.

When they come after d, t and n, i and í cause palatalization: ď, ť, ň
ú in normally used at the beginning of root words and in onomatopoic words, while ů is used elsewhere, except in interrogatives and loan words.

The Czech alphabet

A a : u sound in fun
Á á : a sound in father
B b : b sound in bat
C c : ts sound in bits
Č č : ch sound in chat
D d : d sound in dog
Ď ď : dy sound like ‘du’ in duel
E e : e sound in red
É é : ai sound in pair
Ě ě : ye sound in yes
F f : f sound in far
G g : g sound in gap
H h : h sound in hot
CH ch : ch sound in loch (aspirated)
I i : i sound in fit
Í í : ee sound in bee
J j : y sound in yes
K k : k sound in kit
L l : l sound in lip
M m : m sound in mat
N n : n sound in nut
Ň ň : ny sound like ‘n’ in onion
O o : o sound in hot
Ó ó : oo sound in door
P p : p sound in pin
R r : r sound in rat (often rolled)
Ř ř : rž sound like ‘rg’ in bourgois
S s : s sound in sun
Š š : sh sound in ship
T t : t sound in top
Ť ť : ty sound like ‘tu’ in tune
U u : u sound in push
Ú ú : oo sound in fool
Ů ů : oo sound in fool
V v : v sound in vat
Y y : i sound in bit
Ý ý : ee sound in bee
Z z : z sound in zip
Ž ž : zh sound like ‘s’ in treasure
Qq, Ww, Xx in foreign words only
NOTE: the digraph “ch” is treated as a single character.
Phonetic variations

au : sounds like ‘ou’ in hour
ia : sounds like ‘ya’ in yam
ie : sounds like ‘ye’ in yes
iu : sounds like ‘u’ in lute
ou : sounds like ‘oe’ in toe
kd : gd sound like ‘gged’ in tagged
mě : sounds like ‘m-n-ye’
The Czech alphabet as defined on this web page

Word-final voiced consonants are pronounced unvoiced, even in loan words, e.g. chléb [xle:p], jazz [ʤes], rub [rup].

Voiceless consonant groups are voiced before voiced consonants (except n, m, n, r, and l) and vice versa within a word: e.g. zpít “(get) drunk” [spi:t], sbít “hammer together” [zbi:t]. v becomes devoiced as /f/ before a voiceless consonant, eg. předevčírem [‘pr̝̊ɛdɛ,ftʃi:rem] “day before yesterday”, but does not cause preceding voiceless consonants to become voiced, eg. kvalita [‘kvalita] “quality”.

l, r, n, m all can be syllabic. The following words all contain two syllables: jedl, kapr, sedm
f and g are used in words and names of foreign origin

Primary stress falls on the first syllable, and there is secondary stress falls on long vowels. When one, two or three syllable words are preceded by a preposition, stress falls on the preposition, e.g. na střeše [ˈnastr̝ɛʃɛ] (on the roof), while stress falls on the first syllable in a word containing four or more syllables preceded by a preposition. e.g. na nástupišti [naˈnaːstupɪʃtɪ] (at the train stop). In some Eastern dialects stress falls on the 2nd or 3rd syllable.

Here are some youtube videos to help you learn the czech alphabet and pronunciations.

Czech basics 101

Czech basics – What no vowels?

Pronuciation of the czech “r”